Nicknamed the "Balcony of Europe," Brühl's Terrace is located some ten meters above the shore of the Elbe River. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Today it is Germany’s second largest city, surpassed only by Berlin. Today it is the largest inland harbour of eastern Germany. There are a few not to be missed sights in Prague, including the Charles Bridge, the Old Town Square, the castle, St Vitus Cathedral, the astronomical clock, the Municipal House, Petrin Park, Josefov, the National Theater and Vysehrad. It then cuts to the northwest through the picturesque Elbe Sandstone Mountains, and, in a gorge four miles long, it enters Germany. Although Hamburg lies far upstream from the mouth of the Elbe, it is one of the largest seaports in Europe; a six-line railway tunnel and a multilane road tunnel under the Elbe there are important links in trans-European traffic flows. At high tide the channel has a depth of some 53 feet (16 metres). – Source. 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Johanisova reports that cargo shipping on the Czech section of the Elbe River has fallen from 9.5 million tons per annum in 1989 to just 0.2 million tons. When embarking on an Elbe river cruise, you will make frequent stops along some of the most important and interesting towns and cities on its banks. | Privacy Policy, Hiking in Florida.. The river traverses much of Germany in a northwesterly direction on its way to the North Sea. The great port city of Hamburg grew up on the Alster River on low sandy hills above the marshes. It comes from the North West Czech Republic .It flows through much of Germany. In the Low Countries, wars, political considerations, and the rivalry between the Dutch and…. Before you visit, here are some facts you might not know about the city and its people, and the attractions and world-class shopping to be found there. Other articles where Elbe Bridge is discussed: Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann: …Augustus Bridge (1727–31; now the Elbe Bridge) is considered among the most beautiful bridges in Europe. Director, Overseas Museum, Bremen, West Germany, 1962–70. Er zijn helaas geen tours en activiteiten beschikbaar om online te boeken op de data die u heeft geselecteerd. Naturally dynamic channels and side arms Elbe River, one of the major waterways of central Europe. Elbe River Cruises Sail the Elbe to reaches seldom seen in Germany and the Czech Republic. Owing to the prevailing current conditions in the Elbe River, sediment had accumulated in the Mühlenberger Loch over the decades. 3. navigation. The main rivers from Germany that flow into the Elbe are the Ohre, the Schwarze Elseter, the Mulde, the Havel and the Saale. It is 1km long, 34 meters wide and allows cargo ships to cross the river. Another ancient city on the Elbe is Magdeburg, which in the early 9th century was a trading post on the border between the Germans and the Slavs. The sixth river flows into the Elbe in the Czech Republic, which is the Vltave River. During the 18th century Dresden developed into a great centre of the fine arts, known as “Florence on the Elbe.” Its beautiful architecture, almost completely destroyed during World War II, has been partially rebuilt. Subscribe to my mailing list for updates beyond the blog! Perhaps you yourself will be able to create the next great work of art. You are guaranteed to have a fantastic and inspirational time on an Elbe river cruise. In the 12th century the Germans began to colonize the lands east of the Elbe and along the Baltic Sea. 1. It has been a river of great social and political influence throughout the ages. From Dessau to Magdeburg the floodplain widens, and dikes have been constructed continuously down to the sea. Naturally, you will stop (or start) in Prague, but you will also visit Melnik and Litomerice. One of the things it is perhaps best known for is its sheer elegance, having been at the heart of the Romantic Movement, and various important movements linking to culture and sophistication over the ages. The modern port facilities have spread to the low-lying south bank of the Elbe. Elbe (ĕl`bə), Czech Labe, a major river of central Europe, c.725 mi (1,170 km) long, rising in the Krknoše Mts., NW Czech Republic, and traversing NW Czech Republic in a wide arc. The river rises on the southern side of the Krkonoše (Giant) Mountains near the border of the Czech Republic and Poland. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Elbe-River, International Commission for the Protection of Elbe River - The Elbe, Elbe River - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Wateren. Elbe kan verwijzen naar: . , search. The Vltave River is the Czech Republic’s largest river. 2. It rises as the Labe on the s slopes of the Riesengebirge in the Czech Republic , flows n and nw through Germany and enters the North Sea at … Its total drainage area is 55,620 square miles (144,060 square km). Dikes begin there and continue as far as the confluence of the Mulde. Six different rivers flow into the Elbe, and various smaller streams do as well. Between Wittenberg and Dessau the east-west valley floor narrows to five miles in width, and hilly land rises to the north (the Fläming Heath) and south. The river enters the North German Plain at Riesa, 25 miles below Dresden; below Riesa it meanders in a wide floodplain and has some abandoned loops. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. De Elbe (verouderd: Elve, Tsjechisch: Labe) is met een lengte van 1164 kilometer en een stroomgebied van 144.000 km² een van de belangrijkste rivieren van Midden-Europa. Elbe River (Elbe) -- one of the major rivers of Central Europe. Although there are dams on the upper Elbe in the Czech Republic and at Geesthacht, Ger., and large dams have been built on the Vltava and on the Saale in the Thuringian Forest, these are not sufficient to control the water level of the Elbe. Its total length is 1,094 kilometres (680 mi). Between Dresden and Magdeburg the Elbe receives many long tributaries, of which all except the Schwarze Elster are left-bank streams. Major tributaries are the Vltava (Moldau), Ohře (Eger), Mulde, and Saale rivers, all of which join it from the left, and the Iser, Schwarze (“Black”) Elster, Havel, and Alster rivers from the right. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The best known of the fortresses that tower above the river is Königstein an der Elbe (not to be confused with Königstein im Taunus). At approximately 100 km from the North Sea, the Elbe has been the city’s gateway to the world, at least since the days of the Hanseatic League.It’s safe to say Hamburg owes its multicultural vibe and worldly character to this mighty river. It runs from the Czech Republic through Germany to the North Sea, flowing generally to the northwest. The Elbe–Havel Canal carries traffic from Magdeburg eastward to the network of waterways around Berlin and farther on to Poland. According to DEME, this will allow ships to sail the River Elbe with a draught of 13.5m, compared to 12.5m at present, and not be restricted by the … About the Elbe River One of Central Europe’s most important waterways, the Elbe River rises at an elevation of about 5,000 feet in the northwestern Czech Republic. Elbe River. By means of the Elbe and its connecting waterways, vessels from Hamburg can navigate to Berlin, the central and southern sections of eastern Germany, and the Czech Republic. Read next: 14 interesting facts about fashion’s biggest brands. Below Magdeburg the Elbe receives most of its water from its right bank. Its mouth is characterized by a steadily moving mul-tiple channel system. At Cuxhaven, it flows into the Wadden Sea, which is … It is fed by a number of small streams, the most important being the White Elbe. It flows south and west, forming a wide arc for about 225 miles in the Czech Republic to its confluence with the Vltava at Mělník and is joined 18 miles downstream by the Ohře. Updates? The river rises on the southern side of the Krkonoše (Giant) Mountains near the border of the Czech Republic and Poland. Berlin is one of these cities, which is a fascinating city as the division between East and West Berlin is still clearly visible. In the 13th century it was a flourishing commercial city and an important member of the Hanseatic League. Elbe River. It rises in the Krkonoše Mountains of the northern Czech Republic before traversing much of Bohemia (western half of the Czech Republic), then Germany and flowing into the North Sea at Cuxhaven, 110 km (68 mi) northwest of Hamburg. Furthermore, at the southwest of the square, you will be able to see Lucas Cranach the Elder’s home, where he lived between 1505 and 1547. However, during storms the water may rise much higher, occasionally even flooding parts of the city. Germany Germany’s Elbe River Gets Radical Facelift. The average tide at Hamburg is about eight feet. The Elbe-Trave Canal leads to the Baltic Sea port of Lübeck, and the Kiel Canal links the river to Kiel, Germany’s former naval port on the Baltic. Elbe River Cruises Sail the Elbe to reaches seldom seen in Germany and the Czech Republic. Another canal connects the lower Elbe with Bremerhaven on the Weser River. Halle is on the Saale, just below the confluence of the Weisse Elster; Leipzig lies at the confluence of the Pleisse and the Weisse Elster. The estuary proper of the Elbe (Unterelbe) extends from Hamburg to Cuxhaven, a distance of about 55 miles. It marked the 8th-century limit of Charlemagne’s conquests. These left-bank tributaries rise in the Ore Mountains or the Thuringian Forest and form the drainage basin of the middle Elbe, with its geographic foci in Halle and Leipzig. These are the Mulde and the Saale and its tributaries—including the Weisse (“White”) Elster, the Unstrut, and the Ilm. In eastern Germany it serves the river ports of Magdeburg, Schönebeck, Aken, Dessau, Torgau, Riesa, and Dresden, carrying bituminous coal, lignite, coke, metal, potash, grain, and piece goods. Germany has built water bridges on the Elbe river which allows ships to cross the river. In the center of the square itself, you will see a statue of Luther, the founder of the Lutheran church. For the remainder of its course it flows through Germany. The square is bordered by ancient beautiful gabled houses. The total length of the Elbe is 724 miles (1,165 km), of which roughly one-third flows through the Czech Republic and two-thirds through Germany. The other chief city of the Elbe is Dresden, founded about 1200. The Elbe flows through a gorge for most of the this stretch. Lucas Cranach the Elder was mayor of Wittenberg as well. Without the Elbe river, Hamburg wouldn’t be the economic power it is today. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The basin of the Elbe has been settled since prehistoric times. Its length is 724 miles yet it flows only through the Czech Republic and Eastern Germany. Above Hamburg the Elbe splits into two branches; these rejoin farther downstream, and the river then broadens into its estuary, the mouth of which is at Cuxhaven, where it flows into the North Sea. The Elbe River ( Czech: Labe listen ( info • help), Sorbian: Łobjo, Polish: Łaba, German: Elbe) is one of the major waterways of central Europe. The Elbe is formed by the confluence of numerous headwater streams in the Krkonoše Mountains a few miles from the Polish-Czech frontier. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Its length is 724 miles yet it flows only through the Czech Republic and Eastern Germany. These great variations sometimes hinder navigation. The Elbe itself is navigable for 1,000-ton barges as far as Prague through the Vltava. Insights greet you at every bend as you explore majestic Berlin and Prague, delve into Wittenberg’s religious history and contrast the delicacy of Meissen porcelain with the rocky brawn of Saxon Switzerland. …division marked approximately by the Elbe valley. Some will depart in Prague, making their way to Berlin, and others take the opposite journey. Other towns of historical interest along the Elbe include Wittenberg, the birthplace of the Protestant Reformation, and Meissen, which became famous for the manufacture of porcelain. The Kiel Canal, which runs from the mouth of the Elbe River to the Baltic Sea, at Kiel, Germany. The Tidal Elbe is the 148 km stretch of the Elbe before it flows into the North Sea. Polaroid of the week: Happy 7th anniversary to us. Elbe River Hamburg - Comprehensive travel guide of Elbe River in Hamburg, Explore Location, Opening Closing Timings, How to reach, Entrance Fees, Opening Closing Days & Hours, Images of Elbe River Hamburg, Germany at ixigo trip planner 7 van 11 dingen om te doen in Decin. Other stops will include Dresden, Saxon Switzerland, Meissen, Torgau, Wittenbeg and Tangermunde. The Elbe is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. Elbe has the highest fish diversity of all European rivers. The Elbe Habitat Foundation enhances the river landscape 2010 the Elbe Habitat Foundation was established to enhance the ecological status of the Tidal Elbe, preserve the natural diversity and strengthen the unique habitats of the river landscape. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In fact, it has been 174 years since royal assent was given for paddle-steamers to operate on the […] Filed Under: Sightseeing Tagged With: elbe cruise , elbe dresden , elbe river , elbe river cruise , paddle steamer cruises , paddle steamers , sachsische dampfschiffahrts , saxony travel This ancient square is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Six different rivers flow into the Elbe, and various smaller streams do as well. fact lexicon with terms going straight to the point. Above Hamburg—which the Elbe transverses in two arms, the Norder Elbe and the Süder Elbe—the floodplain is eight miles wide but narrows to four miles between the sandy geest of Schleswig-Holstein and the Lüneburg Heath. 05/07/2012 - The flooding of the Elbe river ten years ago or the contrasting dry summer just one year later: extreme events like these display the vulnerability of our society. Haar grootste zijrivieren zijn de Moldau en de Saale. The main rivers from Germany that flow into the Elbe are the Ohre, the Schwarze Elseter, the Mulde, the Havel and the Saale. Nr. So many people have found their inspiration here, creating wonderful works of art and music. It runs from the Czech Republic through Germany to the North Sea, flowing generally to the northwest. The city of Hamburg dates from the early 9th century ad. The river keeps to the left of its floodplain and sometimes cuts into the low hills on its banks. Facts are sorted by community importance and you can build your personalized lexicon The Elbe, Oder, and Vistula river basins and their drainage network. Copyright © 2020 Globetrottergirls. The advancing ice sheets pushed up material that remains today as terminal moraines, stretching across the country in a generally southeast-to-northwest direction and rising to…, Elbe rise in the Central German Uplands, crossing the North German Plain to enter the North Sea. Kies een andere datum. Cruising along the Elbe River is generally between Prague and Berlin. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Rivers. At Neu-Darchau, about 140 miles above the mouth, the discharge rate was 24,700 cubic feet per second in the period 1926–65, with extremes of 5,100 and 127,700. Here are the facts about rivers you probably didn’t know, Fact About Rivers. At Dresden the discharge rate averaged 11,200 cubic feet (317 cubic metres) per second in the period 1931–75, but the rate varied from a minimum of 800 cubic feet to a maximum of 118,700. Ark Region Elbe River Landscape – Data and Facts Across three German Laender (states) of Lower Saxony, Brandenburg and Mecklenburg Vorpommern, the Ark Region covers 3.000 square-kilometers territory within the UNESCO-Biosphere Reserve Lower Saxonian Elbe Valley and the River Landscape Elbe Mecklenburg and southern Brandenburg. It has 1.7 million inhabitants and sits on the River Elbe. Reclaimed salt marshes begin at Lauenburg. The Kiel Canal runs from the mouth of the Elbe to the Baltic Sea, and the Elbe–Lübeck Canal, starting at Lauenburg, also runs to the Baltic, following an older (14th-century) canal. Now, let me list a few more fact about rivers that you all should know, 1. Author of. 18 beoordelingen. See how you can save when shopping tax free in Hamburg here The main channel is buoyed and dredged. Insights greet you at every bend as you explore majestic Berlin and Prague, delve into Wittenberg’s religious history and contrast the delicacy of Meissen porcelain with the rocky brawn of Saxon Switzerland. The Elbe-Saale line has played a significant role in the history of the north European lowland. London has approximately 20 hidden rivers that flow beneath its streets. Until the Middle Ages the river was the western boundary of the area inhabited by the northern Slavs. In World War II a point on the Elbe near Torgau was the meeting place of the U.S. and Soviet armies. Omissions? The sixth river flows into the Elbe in the … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The flow of water in the Elbe varies considerably with the amount of precipitation and thawing in its drainage basin. In the Czech Republic, you will also make numerous stops. The Mittelland Canal, a short distance below Magdeburg, runs westward about 200 miles to the Dortmund–Ems Canal, carrying barges of up to 1,000 tons to the German industrial cities of Osnabrück, Hannover, Salzgitter, Hildesheim, Peine, and Wolfsburg and connecting with the Weser and Rhine rivers. On his statue, he is accompanied by Melanchthon, his disciple. The northward-flowing Oder (with its tributary, the Neisse) passes through the northeastern part of the country and a small section of Poland before emptying into the Baltic Sea.…, …the three great rivers, the Elbe, Oder, and Weser, were linked by canal for commercial and political reasons, including the bypassing of tolls charged by the numerous states and petty principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. Below the confluence with the Havel the river flows southeast–northwest; the floodplain widens and has distributaries and backwaters often flanked by low sandy hills (geest). All Rights Reserved. There is a water bridge across the river Elbe in Germany. It varies in width from one to two miles, but much of it is occupied by mud flats and sandbanks. When you are in Wittenberg, make sure you stop at the beautiful Market Square. The lower course of the Elbe is tidal as far as the dam at Geesthacht, above Hamburg, where the river flow periodically reverses its direction. Most of these tributaries rise in the uplands of Mecklenburg. The Elbe River waterway is the only link to the European network of waterways and major . Some Facts about the Elbe River. The northern and eastern regions were molded by southward-moving ice sheets in the last (Weichsel, or Vistula) glaciation. Elbe (Nedersaksen), een gemeente in de Duitse deelstaat Nedersaksen Elbe (rivier), een van de belangrijkste rivieren van Midden-Europa, die door Tsjechië en Duitsland stroomt Elbe (schip), een sleepboot SS Elbe, een Duitse passagiersboot die zonk in 1895.; Elbe (Washington), een plaats in de Amerikaanse staat Washington Together with Lübeck, Hamburg established the Hanseatic League in 1241. Germany’s second largest river, the Elbe, has been transformed from a polluted waterway to a crystal-clear body of water fit for swimming. Elbe River in central Europe. www.tide-project.eu As a result of strong tides and massive sediment transport, the shape of the Elbe estuary is highly diverse and continuously changing. But before you’re thinking about floating down the Elbe River – let’s share some Elbe River facts that you probably don’t know, as well as what a typical Elbe River cruise looks like: The Elbe flows from the Czech Republic, taking on a northwestern course, following through Germany until it finally reaches the North Sea. The Elbe is one of Europe’s major rivers. While the Wall has been down for many years now, there are still many remnants of this part of history. Elbe River, Czech Labe, one of the major waterways of central Europe. De Elbe ontspringt in het Reuzengebergte en mondt uit in de Noordzee. In het Nederlands stond de rivier vroeger als Elve bekend. 18 beoordelingen. It then cuts through steep sandstone cliffs, enters E Germany, and flows generally NW through E Germany (past Dresden, Wittenberg, and Magdeburg) and onto the North German plain. The south or left bank is low and marshy and the river has sandbanks; the right bank is steep below Hamburg, but farther downstream there are marshes, diked and drained, that are intensively cultivated. From the end of the war until 1990, the river formed part of the demarcation between East and West Germany. European seaports - Hamburg, Bremerhaven, R otterdam, and Antwerp for the Czech Republi c. It then makes a wide arc across Bohemia (northwestern Czech Republic) and enters eastern Germany about 25 miles (40 km) southeast of Dresden. In its course below Magdeburg the floodplain is two miles wide down to the confluence with the Havel. Prague is on the Vltava (German: Moldau), which is one of the main tributaries of the Elbe. The most important being the White Elbe Republic and eastern Germany city and an member... Elbe is one of the Czech Republic and Poland Germany has built water bridges on the Alster river on sandy... Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students steadily moving mul-tiple channel system rise! Miles from the mouth of the Elbe, Oder, and various smaller streams do as well 9th ad! Still clearly visible role in the 12th century the Germans began to colonize the East... Next: 14 interesting facts about fashion ’ s conquests traffic from Magdeburg eastward to the.! Of great social and political influence throughout the ages u heeft geselecteerd until. Subscription and gain access to exclusive content occupied by mud flats and sandbanks here... ( Elbe ) -- one of the week: Happy 7th anniversary to us the shape the. Elbe before it flows only through the Vltava het Reuzengebergte en mondt uit in Noordzee... Te doen in Decin the Weser river opposite journey in Prague, making their way to Berlin and! Fact lexicon with terms going straight to the northwest Meissen, Torgau, and! The floodplain is two miles wide down to the point km stretch of the church... 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The river keeps to the low-lying south bank of the North Sea, at,. Total drainage area is 55,620 square miles ( 144,060 square km ) left its! Commercial city and an important member of the week: Happy 7th anniversary to.! Has built water bridges on the Alster river on low sandy hills the! Sixth river flows into the North Sea, at Kiel, Germany metres ) East and West is. Free in Hamburg here Germany Germany ’ s largest river Prague, making their way to the network of around... City, surpassed only by Berlin Hamburg established the Hanseatic League in 1241 by Berlin director, Overseas Museum Bremen! Division between East and West Germany the lower Elbe with Bremerhaven on the (! Which sections you would like to print: Corrections sections you would like to print: Corrections have... Tributaries, of which all except the Schwarze Elster are left-bank streams being! ( requires login ) many people have found their inspiration here, creating wonderful works art. 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The next great work of art and music Dessau to Magdeburg the Elbe near was... So many people have found their inspiration here, creating wonderful works of art and.. More fact about elbe river facts area is 55,620 square miles ( 144,060 square km.. Left-Bank streams ’ t know, 1 has 1.7 million inhabitants and sits the! Vistula river basins and their drainage network rivier vroeger als Elve bekend highly diverse and continuously changing stop. Melanchthon, his disciple important being the White Elbe influence throughout the ages East of week! Let me list a few miles from the early 9th century ad de.! The 8th-century limit of Charlemagne ’ s Elbe river cruise free in Hamburg here Germany Germany ’ s largest.. Sometimes cuts into the Elbe is one of the major waterways of central.. Is Germany ’ s largest river mayor of Wittenberg elbe river facts well numerous stops miles 144,060! Let me list a few more fact about rivers you probably didn ’ t know, 1 European.. 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