Pericles praises Athens so that people will keep fighting; he praises the sacrifices of the dead so that others will imitate them. The following excerpt is from a speech known as “The Funeral Oration,” delivered by the Athenian general and politician Pericles in 431 BCE. The golden years of democracy in Athens followed for the next 70 to 80 years. Pericles’ funeral oration summary. The most important thing … As always, Thucydides does not offer us clear lessons or instructions, but demands that we consider complicated questions. Pericles' funeral oration is a speech written by Thucydides for his history of the Peloponnesian War. Relevance. Question: Question 1 1 Pts Readings: Thucydides:Intro And Pericles' Funeral Oration: Who Made Athens Great? First, he was the leading citizen of Athens at that time and his vision guided the Athenians’ early actions in the war. I had to read about the Pericles' Funeral oration. It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. English. In this activity, students will read Pericles' famous "Funeral Oration," as recorded by the historian Thucydides and answer comprehension questions. The Athenians would go on to lose the war with Sparta. Hmm, strange question really, with a long answer. Then, they work with a small group to paraphrase this complex speech into modern language. Pericles's Funeral Oration . The golden years of democracy in Athens followed for the next 70 to 80 years. The findings of the research are briefly presented before the current research investigation concludes. 9th grade . How does Pericles depict the men who have died? Favorite Answer . Thanks! Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles' Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. The Funeral Oration of Pericles The excerpt below is taken from Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. Favorite Answer. 0. A month after 9/11, Congressman Major Owens offered a rap eulogy: “Defiant orations of Pericles / Must now rise / Out of the ashes.”. Pericles was widely seen as the leader of Athens. 2) What in Athenian society does Pericles celebrate? I'm really stuck, thanks for your help. Indeed, as Pericles argues in sections 5-6, if you're prosperous and successful you should be less afraid of death than someone who is poor and wretched; the unfortunate man hasn't got much honour or much hope of improving his situation, whereas the fortunate man runs the constant risk as long as he's alive that his fortunes will change and he'll suffer the abject humilation of losing everything. However, it started as an ancient Greek art form. What picture of Athenian democracy does the speech give? The main reason he recorded the funeral oration of Pericles is that is was different in form from previous funeral orations. History of the Peloponnesian War: Pericles' Funeral Oration DRAFT. Bristol, BS8 1QU, UK By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. fergamom. Tel: +44 (0)117 928 9000 Any one can discourse to you for ever about the advantages of a brave defence, which you know already. Before the nineteenth century, ‘democracy’ was regarded by most people as mob rule, and so a speech in praise of democracy was of little use; one French translation at the time of the Revolution used phrases like “our constitution is called ‘popular’” rather than “our constitution is called a democracy” to avoid the negative overtones of the word. This Pericles's Funeral Oration was delivered in a public funeral in honor of all those who had laid their lives in the war. Click to see full answer Furthermore, what was the purpose of Pericles funeral oration? Test Quiz. It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. Edit. Certainly citizens were expected to fight for their city, but actually falling in love with the city is Pericles' own idea. [1] Such was the end of these men; they were worthy of Athens, and the living need not desire to have a more heroic spirit, although they may pray for a less fatal issue. Hence, in this case, the early society that is described in this excerpt widely known as ATHENIAN SOCIETY Even today we view this ancient city as the birthplace of the values of equality and … Disagreement about “who is mourned,” “who gets to mourn them,” and “how should this mourning occur,” are significant issues in these two texts. Relevance. In a democracy, where all citizens are legally equal, there are still differences between rich and poor. Funeral orations were popular in ancient Athens and quite a few of those written … Thucydides Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Thucydides Hermann Strasburger, ‘Thucydides and the political self-portrait of the Athenians’, in Jeffrey S. Rusten (ed. TERMS IN THIS SET (74) No finer expression of the ideas of democracy exists than the famous Funeral Oration delivered by who in honor of the Athenians who fell fighting Sparta during the first year (431 B.C.) and find homework help for other Pericles questions at eNotes The Funeral Oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in Thucydides’ work; it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of Athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are w… Question 1 The excerpt came from Thucydides’, “Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War” document. Pericles eulogized … What would Pericles say about such differences in the United States — for example, in our system of military service? War And Peace Wealth And Poverty First Words The Eye Athenian Democracy. Pericles’ Funeral Oration was a significant timestamp in 5th century Greece, Athens and to the Classical World. Indeed, a worthy summation of Pericles’s oration is that it is a count of the “points in which [Athens] is worthy of admiration”. History Biography Geography Science Games. This section may lend undue weight to the Gettysburg Address. Funeral orations are generally formal in nature and their themes sometimes extend beyond the deaths of the people who are being mourned. After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. John. Peloponnesian War 431 BC - 404 BC Thucydides was an Athenian statesman during the Peloponnesian War. Pericles was widely seen as the leader of Athens. ), Thucydides and the Modern World (Cambridge, 2012). It's not nearly as bad as dishonour. Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. Queens Road Get an answer for 'In his funeral oration, Pericles described Athens as the "school of Hellas." In the speech, Pericles describes the superior qualities of Athenian democracy as compared with … In the Funeral Oration, he discusses subjects such as the superiority of the Athenian compared to other civilisations. Athens and its ally, king-led Sparta, defeated the Persians at different times over the next 20 years. 4. As for the idea that a noble death means eternal glory, this contrasts with the depiction of the afterlife in Homer's Odyssey (Book XI), where Achilles declares he'd rather be a living wage-labourer than a dead hero. (Pericles Funeral Oration from Thucydides by Paul Halsall Book Report/Review, n.d.) ... and the report also examines questions of fixed vs. flexible research. 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